A description of the two faces of ancient greece

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A description of the two faces of ancient greece

A Greek hoplite warrior. Well armed and armored, they were the premier warrior of their day, frequently defeating enemies even when heavily outnumbered. Each warrior fought for personal glory instead of in an organized formation. Battles usually started with taunts and jeers, followed by duels between champions.

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If neither side lost its nerve, a general battle would begin. Ancient Greek warriors had already started to wear cumbersome, but effective, armor, and casualties were usually light during the melee. Men fought armed primarily with spears and short swords, and the Greek warriors had already jumped ahead of their contemporaries in the use of shields and armor.

They considered ranged weapons, like the bow, to be cowardly and avoided them. Much like in later phalanx warfare, the real carnage started when one side was routed.

Fleeing enemies could not make use of their shields and made excellent targets.

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Warrior kings like the semi-legendary Agamemnon ruled from massive stone hill-top fortresses, raiding and making war for profit and glory.

Eventually during 12th century BC, for reasons not completely understood, Greece entered into a dark age of slow decline.

Written language was lost, and the great palaces and cities were destroyed or abandoned. A dark age settled across much of the eastern Mediterranean and Middle East at the same time, and there are many theories as to why.

Regional droughts, changes in warfare and natural disasters have all been blamed. Starting around BC, Greece began to recover. Over the next years, the Greeks developed democracy, theater, poetry and philosophy, as well as rediscovered written language. Some time before BC, they developed the phalanx, and their warriors and warfare itself began to change as well.

Warfare in Greece had always been dictated by the terrain; the rough ground was unsuitable for chariots. In earlier times when their contemporaries developed chariot warfare, Greek warriors concentrated on heavy infantry.

Besides Thessaly, the Greeks also neglected the development of cavalry in their military. However, their concentration on heavy infantry would pay off in the power of their hoplite warriors and phalanx formation. Ancient Greek warriors were citizen soldiers, except for the professional army of Sparta, and warfare became somewhat standardized to allow for soldier-farmers to tend to their farms.

Only after the harvest had been brought in from the fields would the Greeks take up arms. The different Greek city-states would then settle their many issues during the campaigning season.The Two Faces Of Ancient Greece (athens & Sparta) Athens and Sparta were the two most powerful Greek territories of their time.

Like most cities of the same country, they have the same Greek culture, worshipping the same Greek gods and speaking Greek. During the 5th century BC, Greece was dominated by two main powers: democratic Athens and the military oligarchy of Sparta.

These city-states were very different. The sculpture of ancient Greece from to BCE took early inspiration from Egyptian and Near Eastern monumental art, and over centuries evolved into a uniquely Greek vision of the art form. Greek artists would reach a peak of artistic excellence which captured the human form in a way never before seen and which was much copied.

Home» Education» Geography, Environment, and Archaeology in Greece Geography, Environment, and Archaeology in Greece Mankind's relationship with the environment is always important, and this is certainly true in the Mediterranean area.

This was also the time of Athens' fall, which proclaimed Sparta superior in the constant war of the two empires. In medieval times, the city of Sparta was destroyed by many invasions. Modern day Sparta, which is known as Sparti in Greece, was rebuilt around The Two Faces Of Ancient Greece The two most dominating city-states in Greece of their time, Athens and Sparta, were great rivals with two very different ways of life. Sparta’s overbearing military and Athens’ impartial justice system and government are models for many modern day countries. Hellenistic art is the art of the Hellenistic period generally taken to begin with the death of Alexander the Great in BC and end with the conquest of the Greek world by the Romans, a process well underway by BCE, when the Greek mainland was taken, and essentially ending in 31 BCE with the conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt following the Battle of Actium.

Ancient Greek Warriors, The hoplite warrior and warfare. The Greek phalanx formation and ancient greek warfare.

The Birth of the City-State

Greek armor, helmets and sheilds. Their deadly heavy infantry armed with spears and swords.

A description of the two faces of ancient greece

The tactics and strategies employed by the armies of Greece. Every thing about the ancient military history of the ancient Greeks and their warriors. The term "drama" comes from a Greek word meaning "action" (Classical Greek: δρᾶμα, drama), which is derived from "I do" (Classical Greek: δράω, drao).

The two masks associated with drama represent the traditional generic division between comedy and tragedy.

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