On the 20th anniversary of its democratic experiment, Indonesia can cite significant gains.
The history early of Indonesia is a culture of the Kerinci tribe in Sumatra roughly around 3. Barus also a district or also port is already known in ancient Egypt age around 1.
Indonesia then the arrival of the Chinese nation from the north establish Civilizations Malesung in Sulawesi around BC AD, inscription Pinawetengan describe about Malesung civilization.
Then come the people of India to the island of Java, about AD, they were on the way to the offerings, establish Salakanagara kingdom, Salakanagara is an oldest Hindu-Buddhist kingdom in Indonesia, Salakanagara kingdom supposedly also called Argyre town by Ptolemeus, oldest ancestor here is Aki Tirem, when Aki Tirem late, Salakanagara begin establish circa AD.
Moreover, other History of Indonesia namely: They lived nomaden or migrate from an area to another area. Pre-historic human who lived by agricultural burnt forest down to create farms.
Pre-historic human who lived near river, lived by fishery. They used spear for fishery. In this era, Pithecanthropus Erectus lived. Indonesian pre-historic humans divided into 2 races: During Iron Age there were improvement in living way. Animism is belief towards ancestors spirits, evil spirits ghost, etc worship sacred tree, sacred stone, doing ritual while Dinamism is belief towards natural forces such as water, wind, fire.
How can merchants know much about spirituality? But the fact is Indonesians who built kingdoms in various islands. Kutai is situated in East Borneo.
The first king was Kudungga. In fact, South Indian name. The next king after Kudungga was Mulawarman then his son was Aswawarman. There was Sriwijaya situated on South Sumatera. Sriwijaya built on 6th century AD.
The first king was Dapunta Hyang. He was a common man. Since he able to read natures sign local people considered him as God. After he coronated as king, he entitled as King Jayanasa. Sriwijaya famous for 2 reasons: Buddhist monk who wanted to learn in Nalanda have to learn in Sriwijaya first as basic level.
Sriwijaya also formed an alliance with Mataram kingdom. Sriwijaya became weaker on 11th century. Since that time Sriwijaya navy no longer able to tackle pirates.
Then South Indian kingdom, Cholamandala kingdom attacked Sriwijaya. King Rajendra Chola ruled Sriwijaya. But his ascendant, King Kulothunga Chola no longer reigned Sriwijaya since he moved the capital of Cholamandala to Kedah.
Sriwijaya came to an end after attacked by Malay kingdom on Now back to Java. There was Mataram kingdom 9th century. Mataram had 2 dynasty: Syailendra dynasty was Sriwijaya alliance Sanjaya. Mataram situated on Dieng plateau. Sanjaya dynasty popular for built Prambanan temple.OF DEMOCRACY Indonesia has been struggling with democracy for decades.
It has experience with three types of democracy, all of which failed. First was the failed attempt at parliamentary democracy () which led to the 2 Conference, ‘Transition Towards Democracy in Indonesia’, Hotel Santika, Jakarta, 18 October Greenpeace will never stop fighting for a greener, healthier world for our oceans, forests, food, climate, and democracy—no matter what forces stand in our way.
April's runoff election in Jakarta and the presidential elections will likely prove even greater tests of Indonesia's year-old democracy.
Yet, in demonstrating the nation's institutional ability to conduct simultaneous polls across a vast and diverse country, these elections should ultimately be cause for celebration. Indonesia - Religions: Nearly nine-tenths of the Indonesian population professes Islam.
There are, however, pockets of Christians scattered throughout the country, particularly in Flores, Timor, northern Celebes, the interior of Kalimantan, and the Moluccas. Most are Protestant or independent Christian, and the remainder are mainly Roman Catholic. Mr Joko, known to all as Jokowi, is due to start his five-year term as leader of the world’s third-largest democracy on October 20th.
He will be like no leader Indonesia has had before, with roots in neither the army nor an established family. Custom Search Country Studies Index.