We learn that the cherry trees are in bloom even though it is frosty outside. Yermolay Lopakhin, a friend of the family, and Dunyasha a maid on the Ranevsky estate, wait for the estate's owner Ranevsky at the estate's main house, in a room called "the nursery". Lopakhin reveals that Ranevsky has been in Paris for the last five years.
Surely, its subjects are depressingly serious: The Cherry Orchard presents a dilemma: The Ranevskaya family, which includes landowner Lyuboff Lyuba Andreena Ranevskaya, her brother Gayev, daughter Anya, and adopted daughter Varya, faces two alternatives that it finds equally unacceptable: The second option, which will be exercised by the businessman who buys the orchard at auction, Yermolay Alexeevich Lopahin, offers what the gentry considers a vulgar economic solution at the expense of its cherished values of beauty and inspiration.
In this situation, Mme Ranevskaya chooses not to act, thereby forfeiting the property. Chekhov softens the act of dispossession by qualifying sympathy for the victims and complicating the character of the despoiler.
Certainly, both Lyuba and Gayev, while charming and well intentioned, are a good deal less pathetic and attractive than their predecessors, the Prozorovs.
Lyuba is irresponsible, negligent, and self-destructive. Her indolence and uncontrollable extravagance bring her house tumbling down. Granted, to her the orchard emblematizes childhood innocence, the elegance of the old, leisured, manorial nobility, culture, grace, purity, and beauty.
Once the symbol of a vigorous way of life, the orchard now represents the decay and rottenness that have overtaken that life. While the orchard reminds Lyuba of her pure childhood, it strikes the student-tutor Trofimov as a memento of slavery.
Eloquently idealistic though Trofimov is, he has his less engaging side. Chekhov is usually ironic at the expense of the activist, and he shows Trofimov as slothful, superficial, fatuous, and undersexed.
The volatile Lyuba lashes out at him for urging her to confront the truth of her miserable situation; she stabs cruelly at his immaturity. Horrified, he rushes out of the room and tumbles down the stairs. After a remorseful Lyuba begs his pardon and dances with him, they forgive each other.
Chekhov shows how his characters can lapse from dignity only to accentuate their humanity. He is the despoiler of the old order, who cannot restrain his class-conscious sense of triumph when he has acquired the orchard at the auction: Yet he is the most positive character in the play. He labors, with increasing exasperation, to bring the befuddled gentry to their senses.
He is alone in having energy, purpose, dedication, and shrewdness enough to suggest how the estate can be converted into a profitable operation. He worships Lyuba and can refuse her nothing, though he despairs of her ability to survive.
Most likely, she is the secret love of his life, furnishing the real reason why he will not marry Varya. In sum, Chekhov markedly softens the act of dispossession. Moreover, he shows that what is being lost is not, in truth, an order of stability, familial love and unity, innocence and usefulness—these are already long gone.
The destruction of the estate is the destruction of illusions, and the drama explores this double negative at many ambivalent and ironic levels of action, characterization, and theme.
Gayev vows that the estate will not be sold, while continually popping candy into his mouth. The rivalry of the clumsy clerk Yepihodov and the insolent Yasha for the affected Dunyasha is a travesty of romantic love.These elements of both their personalities become united in the cherry orchard.
Whereas Ranevsky sees the orchard as beautiful and interesting, to Trofimov it is a symbol of Russia's oppressive past and the dehumanization caused by families such as Ranevsky's through the institution of serfdom.
The Cherry Orchard by Anton Chekov. Literary Analysis.
Search Search. Upload. become a completely different person after the loss of her orchard. be it the emancipation of the serfs or the loss of the cherry orchard. Analysis In a play thematically centered around the act of forgetting. Anya reveals that Ranevsky's departure for Paris.
In The Cherry Orchard, memory is seen both as source of personal identity and as a burden preventing the attainment of happiness. Each character is involved in a struggle to remember, but more importantly in a struggle to forget, certain aspects of their past.
The Cherry Orchard Questions and Answers. The Question and Answer section for The Cherry Orchard is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. Departure From Serfdom The Cherry Orchard Analysis The Cherry OrchardBy Anton Chekhov Departure from SerfdomThe Cherry Orchard was penned in the middle of one the greatest a in the middle of one the greatest ages of social upheaval in the history of the world.
Analysis: Motif of the Cherry Orchard. The cherry orchard on Ranevskaya's estate is famous due to its size. It is the epitome of aristocratic indulgence, since it has little to no actual value.