There are many actions undertaken by participants in disaster management that support this goal both pre-disaster to forestall or reduce potential damage and post-disaster to recover from actual damageand ideally these activities would reduce the potential effects of a disaster to the point of elimination. Yet the very nature of disasters makes this ideal unachievable. There are five major characteristics of disasters that make them hard to overcome for a more detailed explanation, see Donahue and Joyce, ; Waugh,
Organisations involved in disaster management The United Nations defines a disaster as a serious disruption of the functioning of a community or a society. Disasters involve widespread human, material, economic or environmental impacts, which exceed the ability of the affected community or society to cope using its own resources.
The Red Cross and Red Crescent societies define disaster management as the organisation and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters.
Types of disasters There is no country that is immune from disaster, though vulnerability to disaster varies. There are four main types of disaster. The interruption can seriously affect the health, social and economic networks of local communities and countries.
Disasters have a major and long-lasting impact on people long after the immediate effect has been mitigated. Poorly planned relief activities can have a significant negative impact not only on the disaster victims but also on donors and relief agencies. So it is important that physical therapists join established programmes rather than attempting individual efforts.
Local, regional, national and international organisations are all involved in mounting a humanitarian response to disasters.
Each will have a prepared disaster management plan. These plans cover prevention, preparedness, relief and recovery. Disaster prevention These are activities designed to provide permanent protection from disasters.
Not all disasters, particularly natural disasters, can be prevented, but the risk of loss of life and injury can be mitigated with good evacuation plans, environmental planning and design standards.
In JanuaryGovernments adopted a year global plan for natural disaster risk reduction called the Hyogo Framework.
It offers guiding principles, priorities for action, and practical means for achieving disaster resilience for vulnerable communities.
Disaster preparedness These activities are designed to minimise loss of life and damage — for example by removing people and property from a threatened location and by facilitating timely and effective rescue, relief and rehabilitation. Preparedness is the main way of reducing the impact of disasters.
Community-based preparedness and management should be a high priority in physical therapy practice management. Disaster relief This is a coordinated multi-agency response to reduce the impact of a disaster and its long-term results.
Relief activities include rescue, relocation, providing food and water, preventing disease and disability, repairing vital services such as telecommunications and transport, providing temporary shelter and emergency health care.
Disaster recovery Once emergency needs have been met and the initial crisis is over, the people affected and the communities that support them are still vulnerable.
Recovery activities include rebuilding infrastructure, health care and rehabilitation. These should blend with development activities, such as building human resources for health and developing policies and practices to avoid similar situations in future.
Disaster management is linked with sustainable development, particularly in relation to vulnerable people such as those with disabilities, elderly people, children and other marginalised groups. Health Volunteers Overseas publications address some of the common misunderstandings about disaster management.The Importance of Preparedness in Disaster Management Boarding up and leaving is really the final steps of a well-rehearsed disaster response or emergency management plan.
It’s something every small business should have in place. The local emergency manager has the responsibility for coordinating emergency management programs and activities, including: Managing resources before, during, and after a major emergency or disaster.
The Role of the State in MSCC Main Content At the State level, authority and responsibility for emergency management typically reside within an Emergency Management . Emergency management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies (preparedness, response, mitigation, and recovery).
The aim is to reduce the harmful effects of all hazards, including disasters.. The World Health Organization defines an emergency as the state in which normal procedures are interrupted, and. Local Emergency Management Programs The Michigan State Police, Emergency Management and Homeland Security Division (MSP/EMHSD) is responsible for coordinating state and federal resources to assist local government in response and relief activities in the event of an emergency or disaster.
PERSPECTIVE ROLE OF MEDIA IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT Pradeep Nair * Communication is an important part of disaster prevention international help) is the main function of mass media and management.