Some psychologists believe humans are naturally predisposed towards violence. For almost the entire twentieth century it seemed like humanity was teetering on the brink of self-destruction: So it's probably only natural that the next great global conflict is a popular subject in Speculative Fiction. Weapons of Mass Destruction are probably going to get used, often recklesslycausing massive casualties.
Kennedy informed the world that the Soviet Union was building secret missile bases in Cuba, a mere 90 miles off the shores of Florida. After weighing such options as an armed invasion of Cuba and air strikes against the missiles, Kennedy decided on a less dangerous response.
In addition to demanidng that Russian Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev remove all the missile bases and their deadly contents, Kennedy ordered a naval quarantine blockade of Cuba in order to prevent Russian ships from bringing additional missiles and construction materials to the island.
In response to the American naval blockade, Premier Khrushchev authorized his Soviet field commanders in Cuba to launch their tactical nuclear weapons if invaded by U. Deadlocked in this manner, the two leaders of the world's greatest nuclear superpowers stared each other down for seven days - until Khrushchev blinked.
On October 28, thinking better of prolonging his challenge to the United States, the Russian Premier conceded to President Kennedy's demands by ordering all Soviet supply ships away from Cuban waters and agreeing to remove the missiles from Cuba's mainland. After several days of teetering on the brink of nuclear holocaust, the world breathed a sigh of relief.
Background of the Cuban Missile Crisis Although it may seem that the events of the seven days between October 22 and 28 unfolded at a blinding pace, the entire incident -- which has come to be collectively known as the "Cuban Missile Crisis" -- was the culmination of a longer process.
In June ofwhile still in the early months of his presidency, Kennedy attended a summit with Premier Khrushchev in Vienna to discuss cold war confrontations between the east and west, in particular the situation in Berlin.
The failure of the two leaders to resolve any of their differences during the summit led Khrushchev to view Kennedy as a weak president who lacked the power or support to negotiate any meaningful concessions in the arms race.
Fueled by concerns that the U. The showdown in Cuba may indeed have been the result of such accumulating anxiety among the Soviet political elite.
Viewed in hindsight, it is not surprising that the Soviets chose Cuba as their stage of operations against the U.
Ever since his rise to power inCuban Premier Fidel Castro struggled to survive America's efforts to "encourage" his political demise. When General Castro came to power, the U. The purpose of the invasion was to overthrow a leader whose name, Ortsac, was Castro spelled backwards.
Although Ortsac was a fictitious name, Castro "got the message" and soon became convinced that the U. Sensing an opportunity to gain a strategic foothold in America's "back yard," Khrushchev eagerly extended an offer of assistance to the desperate Cuban general.
The Soviet Premier offered Castro new trade opportunities, to ease the effects of U. The cozy alliance which ensued between Castro and Khrushchev laid the ground for what culminated in a Soviet missile base in Cuba and ended in the Cuban missile crisis.
In OctoberThe John F. Kennedy Library released a set of tape recordings documenting the crisis for the period October 18 to 29, These recordings were made in the Oval Office. They include President Kennedy's personal recollections of discussions, conversations with his advisors, meetings with the Joint Chiefs of Staff and members of the president's executive committee.
We are releasing several tapes in this series now. The tapes are unedited and represent digital copies of the materials distributed by the Library.
Castro also aligned Cuba with the Soviet Union during the Cold War and that led to the Cuban missile crisis in the early s. The USSR had planned to station nuclear missiles in . Cuban missile crisis 50 years on: from the archive How a deadly standoff 50 years ago between the US and Soviet Union over Cuba took the world to the brink of nuclear war Published: 14 Oct The Cuban Missile Crisis, October , On October 22, , after reviewing newly acquired intelligence, President John F. Kennedy informed the world that the Soviet Union was building secret missile bases in Cuba, a mere 90 miles off the shores of Florida.
The recordings were made using early technology Dictabelt and similar devices. Microphones and placement also add noise and distortion. In short, these recordings will prove challenging to some listeners.
At first, the voices may sound like honking geese. But if you persevere, you will become a first-hand observer to one of the most important events of the cold war. The Cuban Missile Crisis Timeline: Wednesday, October 17 - Friday, October The Suez Canal Crisis was the beginning of the Decline and Fall of the British Empire.
Unfortunately, the Empire was not about to retire gracefully the Cuban Missile Crisis, Makims did not want to face the music and explain why his government double-crossed the President of the United States.
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But the Cuban Missile Crisis in increased. Complicated and tension-filled negotiations between the United States and the Soviet Union finally result in a plan to end the two-week-old Cuban Missile Crisis.A frightening period in which.
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The Cuban Missile Crisis, and what that would mean is not for me to explain to you, because you yourself understand perfectly of what terrible forces our countries dispose. The letter was then considered official and accurate although it was later learned that Fomin was almost certainly operating of his own accord without official.
Cuban missile crisis 50 years on: from the archive How a deadly standoff 50 years ago between the US and Soviet Union over Cuba took the world to the brink of nuclear war Published: 14 Oct