Individual differences lab report

What foods an organism finds palatable is an important factor in what the organism will eat. Humans regularly make both good and bad dietary choices based on primarily on taste. We have expected for some time that some component of taste is genetically controlled, but in recent years scientists have discovered that there are many more tasting genes then we originally thought. Bitter tasting is the most well studied taste perception.

Individual differences lab report

InRay carried out a study into humans need for achievement, investigating how high levels of motivation to achieve was and why. Ray found that individuals within the British culture had similar levels of achievement motivation whereas those in South Africa were significantly higher.

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If the results match the hypothesis it could lead to social anxiety being determined a lot quicker therefore pushing for people to approach socially anxious individuals gently, and enable those struggling with anxiety to understand why they feel the way they do which could in turn lead to them overcoming their fears.

The prediction for the outcome is that an individual with a higher need for achievement will be ore socially anxious and those who are more extrovert will lack social anxiety.

Aged between 18 and 40 M There were 29 females and 23 males. Participants are all students at the University of Chester from all over the J, although 6 participants were not originally from, born or grew up in England other countries such as Belgium, Nigeria, Gibraltar, Nepal and Guernsey.

In order to carry out this experiment, each participant was allocated a computer o partake in the online surveys.

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The participants completed all online questionnaires in a time slot that they would usually have been taking part in a weekly educational workshop, making this a repeated measures design.

The participants were asked to complete three different questionnaires, over the period of three weeks. When taking part in the social anxiety survey individuals were asked to respond to 24 questions, each requiring them to state how often they avoid a certain behavior and how much they fear partaking in said behavior using a scale running from O to 3 O being none and 3 being severe.

The participants were required to give their student ID every mime they completed a survey in order to keep the data organized so that a participants response could be kept together to be compared and this also allowed them to stay anonymous as no names were given.

University of Washington

Once the responses were gathered, they were entered into SPAS with each participant being assigned their own row so that their individual responses were linked allowing their data to be compared against themselves. Before being able to carry out the main analysis, it was vital that a correlation was run for social anxiety making sure that the two subsections performance anxiety and social interaction were strongly related so that the social anxiety could be viewed as a whole.

Individual differences lab report

This allows the social anxiety survey responses to be viewed as a whole. Before completing the online surveys, all participants were informed of the intent of the survey and asked to give full consent.

The findings of this investigation show that only a small percentage of the variations on the dependent variable social anxiety are due to the independent variables. With this being said, the multiple regressions and correlations show that there is a significantly strong negative relationship between social anxiety and extroversion.

There was only a slight positive correlation between the need for achievement and social anxiety, but it was insignificant. It can be concluded that this relationship could have been due to chance. These findings both support the hypothesis. As stated before, the predicted outcome was that there would be a significant negative relationship between social anxiety and extroversion, which has been supported.

But the effect of need for achievement on social anxiety was not significant enough to support the hypothesis that those with a higher need for achievement will have higher levels of social anxiety. This could be due to extroverts characteristics making an individual more confident making it easier for them to not be concerned with being socially accepted as they are comfortable with themselves, therefore not searching for the approval of the surrounding population.

The little evidence found that there is a link between the participants need for achievement ND their self-reported social anxiety argue with the ideas of Ray and Amines et al. Between the theories of these two studies, it was said that a person who suffers with social anxiety is craving to be socially accepted so therefore have a higher achievement motivation, the current study shows that this is not the case.

The results found only show a small link between these two variables, which contradicts the arguments made by both Amines et al. It could be assumed that all participants experience the same need for achievement.Lab Report Individual Differences April Stafford 20/6/ Introduction: Skill levels vary between the unskilled beginner and the trained elite athlete.

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