Workplace hazards are costly, but if the right precautions are taken, they can be prevented.
The importance lies in recognizing the hazard and how we ought to react and take care to minimize the hazard. Preventive measures ought to be inculcated in the workers and there must be care and rules to regulate the work that has health hazards.
This is of paramount importance. We are concerned in this paper over the hazards of radiation and other related work hazards. Brune; Edling,p. Though we consider the effects of radiation and the use of thermal and other ions, we have to bear in mind that there are other pollution that occur in hospitals that also could be harmful.
Though there is no radiation, noise for example and lighting is two areas that relates to the lighting levels and noise which affect health.
Although noise does not constitute a part of the radiation hazard, noise hazards are present in hospitals with the noise above 85 decibel level. They occur at the central processing, electrical installations and in the laundry and cleaning mechanism.
There can be permanent hearing loss on constant exposure to noise over 80 decibels. Hot liquids and hot surfaces also are hazardous. Occupational Hazards for Hospital Workers, the hazards and the working environment and stress related to the work including shifts which interfere with the biological clock can have disastrous consequences on the health of the workers and their performance.
The excessive workload demand combined with the stress and the hazards and risk at hospitals can take a physical and psychological toll among health workers. All lighting, non-ionising radiation and ionising radiation hazards that may be present in the workplace environment of a large general Hospital The occupational hazards at the hospital are a broad spectrum that encompasses all activities at the hospital, health care, patient care, food, laboratory, and so on.
Broadly we can classify these hazards into psycho social, biological, physical chemical and ergonomic hazards. Infections by bacteria and virus, contamination and risk that are inherent in handling body fluids of infected patients form the biological hazard.
Health workers in hospitals are subject to hazards from chemicals like cleaning and sterilizing chemicals, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, anaesthetic chemicals, anti-cancer medicines, and reagents are around and cause illness.
Added to those ergonomic disasters like slippery floors, sharp instruments, and explosive gases are ergonomic hazards.
The most important and health affecting hazards emanate from the electric installations, ionizing and non-ionizing radiation. High exposure to these types of radiation will cause genetic damage and reproduction issues.
Fluoroscopy and X-Ray equipments scatter radiation while being used. Occupational Hazards for Hospital Workers, Lasers, microwaves, and magnetic fields are the source of non-ionizing radiation. The Laser beams cause harm to the eye and skin.
The personnel must be trained thoroughly in using these equipments. There must be appropriate eye wear, and non-reflective tools used in the hospitals. Occupational Hazards for Hospital Workers, Radiation - types and effects Radioactivity is the result of an unstable atom emitting a particle to stabilize its structure.
Ionizing radiation occurs where "high-energy particles or electromagnetic waves that have the ability to deposit enough energy to break chemical bonds and produce an ion pair. Ionization occurs when the process of energy transfer liberates an orbital electron from an atom or molecule producing this ion pair.
Pae S; Dill; Mothershead, We may say that the effects of radiation will be in direct proportion to the quantity pertaining to the energy which is deposited and the destruction of the system as a consequence.Preventing and removing workplace hazards is not only necessary for employee safety, it’s your legal responsibility under the Occupational Safety Health Act’s General Duty Clause requiring employers to provide a workplace that is free from recognized hazards .
Schedule 1 of the Occupational Safety & Health (OSH) Act No 1 of (as amended) gives a complete list of Occupational Diseases. Below is a summary of this Schedule. Diseases caused by chemical, physical and biological agents.
The level of occupational safety and health training and resources available to health workers and the corporation’s implementation and use of such training, resources with management support and leadership are critical factors in preventing advers outcomes from the occupational safety and health hazards such health workers are exposed to, .
Occupational Health and Safety Legislation - OH&S legislation is the result of the vested interests of doctors and lawyers rather than genuine concern for employee health or management excellence'.
Biological agents include bacteria, viruses, fungi, other microorganisms and their associated toxins. They have the ability to adversely affect human health in a variety of ways, ranging from relatively mild, allergic reactions to serious medical conditions, even death. Occupational health and safety also impacts upon the employment bond and outsourcing, and there is a need to guarantee that there is compliance with the regulations in force.
There are numerous issues affecting the health and safety of workers, e.g. exposure to physical, biological, chemical, ergonomic hazards.