Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers. In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics.
This page is brought to you by the OWL at Purdue https: When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice at bottom. MLA Modern Language Association style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. To see a side-by-side comparison of the three most widely used citation styles, including a chart of all MLA citation guidelines, see the Citation Style Chart.
General Format MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing. MLA style also provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through parenthetical citation in their essays and Works Cited pages.
Writers who properly use MLA also build their credibility by demonstrating accountability to their source material. Most importantly, the use of MLA style can protect writers from accusations of plagiarism, which is the purposeful or accidental uncredited use of source material by other writers.
The MLA Handbook is available in most writing centers and reference libraries; it is also widely available in bookstores, libraries, and at the MLA web site. See the Additional Resources section of this handout for a list of helpful books and sites about using MLA style.
Below are some basic guidelines for formatting a paper in MLA style. General Guidelines Type your paper on a computer and print it out on standard, white 8.
Double-space the text of your paper, and use a legible font e. Whatever font you choose, MLA recommends that the regular and italics type styles contrast enough that they are recognizable one from another.
The font size should be 12 pt. Leave only one space after periods or other punctuation marks unless otherwise instructed by your instructor. Set the margins of your document to 1 inch on all sides.
Indent the first line of paragraphs one half-inch from the left margin. Create a header that numbers all pages consecutively in the upper right-hand corner, one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin.
Your instructor may ask that you omit the number on your first page. Always follow your instructor's guidelines. Use italics throughout your essay for the titles of longer works and, only when absolutely necessary, providing emphasis.
Test your writing skills by playing the OWL’s writing game Play as the owner of your own company who must keep writers on task. Practice with the writing process by making sure writers follow a good process. The Writing Lab and OWL, both part of the Department of English, are informed by and engage in research within the discipline of Composition and Rhetoric, including the subfields of writing center studies, writing program administration, second language studies, and professional writing. MLA In-Text Citations. MLA Citations in the Body of Your Paper. MLA citations follow specific conventions that distinguish them from other styles. In-text citations are also sometimes known as “parenthetical citations” because they are enclosed in parentheses.
If you have any endnotes, include them on a separate page before your Works Cited page. Entitle the section Notes centered, unformatted. Formatting the First Page of Your Paper Do not make a title page for your paper unless specifically requested. In the upper left-hand corner of the first page, list your name, your instructor's name, the course, and the date.
Again, be sure to use double-spaced text. Double space again and center the title. Do not underline, italicize, or place your title in quotation marks; write the title in Title Case standard capitalizationnot in all capital letters.
Create a header in the upper right-hand corner that includes your last name, followed by a space with a page number; number all pages consecutively with Arabic numerals 1, 2, 3, 4, etc. Always follow instructor guidelines. Here is a sample of the first page of a paper in MLA style: These sections may include individual chapters or other named parts of a book or essay.
Essays MLA recommends that when you divide an essay into sections that you number those sections with an arabic number and a period followed by a space and the section name.You can also watch our MLA vidcast series on the Purdue OWL YouTube Channel.
General Format. MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing. MLA style also provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through parenthetical citation in their essays and Works Cited pages. The Purdue OWL, Purdue U Writing Lab, Last edited date.
The new OWL no longer lists most pages' authors. Thus, in most cases, citations will begin with the title of . The Purdue Online Writing Lab Welcome to the Purdue OWL. We offer free resources including Writing and Teaching Writing, Research, Grammar and Mechanics, Style Guides, ESL (English as a Second Language), and Job Search and Professional Writing.
Test your writing skills by playing the OWL’s writing game Play as the owner of your own company who must keep writers on task.
Practice with the writing process by making sure writers follow a good process. MLA In-Text Citations.
MLA Citations in the Body of Your Paper. MLA citations follow specific conventions that distinguish them from other styles. In-text citations are also sometimes known as “parenthetical citations” because they are enclosed in parentheses.
Mla format Purdue- purdue owl mla formatting and style guide mla modern language association style is most monly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities this resource mla formatting and style guide purdue writing lab the purdue university line writing lab serves writers from around the world and the purdue university writing lab helps writers on purdue s.