When a sentence is written, it can either be written in active voice or passive voice. Active voice describes a sentence where the subject performs the action stated by the verb. Tom changed the flat tire. Passive voice describes a sentence where the subject is acted upon by the verb.
Use the active voice Generally, try to use the active voice whenever possible. Passive voice sentences often use more words, can be vague, and can lead to a tangle of prepositional phrases. In a sentence written in the passive voice the subject receives the action.
The candidate believes that Congress must place a ceiling on the budget. It is believed by the candidate that a ceiling must be placed on the budget by Congress. Researchers earlier showed that high stress can cause heart attacks.
It was earlier demonstrated that heart attacks can be caused by high stress. The dog bit the man.
The man was bitten by the dog. Converting sentences to active voice Here are some tips and strategies for converting sentences from the passive to the active voice.
Look for a "by" phrase e. If you find one, the sentence may be in the passive voice. Rewrite the sentence so that the subject buried in the "by" clause is closer to the beginning of the sentence. If the subject of the sentence is somewhat anonymous, see if you can use a general term, such as "researchers," or "the study," or "experts in this field.
To emphasize the action rather than the actor After long debate, the proposal was endorsed by the long-range planning committee.
To keep the subject and focus consistent throughout a passage The data processing department recently presented what proved to be a controversial proposal to expand its staff.
After long debate, the proposal was endorsed by.
To be tactful by not naming the actor The procedures were somehow misinterpreted. To describe a condition in which the actor is unknown or unimportant Every year, thousands of people are diagnosed as having cancer. To create an authoritative tone Visitors are not allowed after 9:The passive voice is a grammatical "voice".The noun or noun phrase that would be the object of a corresponding active sentence (such as "Our troops defeated the enemy") appears as the subject of a sentence or clause in the passive voice ("The enemy was defeated by our troops")..
The subject of a sentence or clause featuring the passive voice typically denotes the recipient of the action (the. ACTIVE / PASSIVE VOICE.
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Active voice. In most English sentences with an action verb, the subject performs the action denoted by the verb. These examples show that the subject is doing the verb's action. Because the subject does or "acts upon" the verb in such sentences, the sentences are said to be in the active voice.
Passive voice. A passive version of (ii) ('What will be thought if we are late again?'), however, is very strange indeed, precisely because this kind of question is focusing on the person who does the thinking, and that person is de-emphasised in the passive voice.
The active/passive voice worksheet involves labeling sentences as active or passive and identifying the doer of action. Then, rewriting sentences from active to passive and vice versa.
Passive voice to active voice Switching the passive voice into the active voice is straightforward, but it requires a bit of practice. In the equivalency table below, notice that the tense of the verb to be in the passive voice is always the same as the tense of the main verb in the active voice.
Generally, try to use the active voice whenever possible.
Passive voice sentences often use more words, can be vague, and can lead to a tangle of prepositional phrases. Active vs.
passive voice. In a sentence written in the active voice, the subject of sentence performs the action.