Literature The peoples of South Asia have had a continuous literature from the first appearance in the Punjab of a branch of the Indo-European-speaking peoples who also settled all of Europe and Iran. In India this branch of Indo-Aryans, as they are usually called, met earlier inhabitants with different languages and no doubt a different culture—possibly a culture akin to that of the Indus Valley civilization, which had a script, and perhaps a literature of its own, of which nothing is known.
Bengal played a major role in the Indian independence movementin which revolutionary groups such as Anushilan Samiti and Jugantar were dominant. Some of these leaders, such as Netaji, who was born, raised and educated at Cuttack in Odisha did not subscribe to the view that non-violent civil disobedience was the best way to achieve Indian Independence, and were instrumental in armed resistance against the British force.
Netaji was the co-founder and leader of the Indian National Army distinct from the army of British India that challenged British forces in several parts of India. He was also the head of state of a parallel regime, the Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind.
Bengal was also the fostering ground for several prominent revolutionary organisations, the most notable of which was Anushilan Samiti. A number of Bengalis died during the independence movement and many were imprisoned in Cellular Jailthe notorious prison in Andaman.
Partitions of Bengal[ edit ] Main articles: However, the partition stoked Hindu nationalism. This in turn led to the formation of the All India Muslim League in Dhaka in to represent the growing aspirations of the Muslim population.
The partition was annulled in after protests by the Indian National Congress and Hindu Mahasabha. The breakdown of Hindu-Muslim unity in India drove the Muslim League to adopt the Lahore Resolution incalling the creation of "independent states" in eastern and northwestern British India.
The resolution paved the way for the Partition of British India based on the Radcliffe Line indespite attempts to form a United Bengal state that was opposed by many people.
The legacy of partition has left lasting differences between the two sides of Bengal, most notably in linguistic accent and cuisine. Bangladesh Liberation War[ edit ] Main article: An estimated 3 million 3, people died in the conflict, particularly as a result of the Bangladesh genocide.
The Mukti Bahini guerrilla forces waged a nine-month war against the Pakistani military. The conflict ended after the Indian Armed Forces intervened on the side of Bangladeshi forces in the final two weeks of the war, which ended with the Surrender of Pakistan and the liberation of Dhaka on 16 December This section needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.BENGALI FAMINE BENGALI HOLOCAUST: Million Indians Killed By UK And Australia In WW2, – True Democracy Party.
The Biharis (listen (help · info)) is a demonym given to the inhabitants of the Indian state of urbanagricultureinitiative.com people can be separated into three main ethnic groups, Bhojpuris, Maithils and Magahis..
Also, Biharis can be found throughout North India, West Bengal, Assam, Maharashtra, and in the neighbouring countries of Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh. The global Bengali diaspora (Bangladeshi diaspora and Indian Bengalis) have well-established communities in Pakistan, the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, the Middle East, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, and Italy.
They have four major religious subgroups: Bengali Muslims, Bengali Hindus, Bengali Christians, and Bengali . The Bangladesh War of Independence or the Bangladesh Liberation War refers to an armed conflict between West Pakistan (now Pakistan) and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) that lasted for roughly nine months in The war resulted in Bangladesh's independence from Pakistan.
India –Pakistan; the History of Unsolved Conflicts. Mushtaq Ahmad Mir (Arihal pulwama) India –Pakistan; the History of Unsolved Conflicts. than Hindus, would be in a majority, while in Bengal the Bengalis would form minority by the inclusion of Bihar and Orissa.
Thus the Bengalis would be divided from their kiths and Kins, the. More than a million Bengalis were massacred by Pakistan during their independence struggle. India is a diverse and a tolerant country.
We have the 2nd highest Muslim population in the world, while Bangladesh also has a diverse population, albeit a shrinking one in the backdrop of Islamic extremism and Wahabiism.