The process of mummification

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The process of mummification

Egyptian Mummification Egyptian Mummification Egyptian embalmers were so skilled that people mummified four thousand years ago still have skin, hair and recognizable features such as scars and tattoos.

The word mummy comes from the Arabic mummiya, meaning bitumen or coal and every Egyptian, except the most abject criminal, was entitled to be embalmed and receive a decent burial.

The body was taken to the embalmers by the relatives, who then chose the method and quality of mummification. The best and most expensive methods were used on the wealthy, but there were cheaper alternatives for the poor.

Mummification Step by Step

The Greek historian Herodotus, who lived in the fifth century BC, described the different methods The Most Costly Draw out the brain through the nostrils Take out the whole contents of the belly, and clean the interior with palm-wine and spices. Fill the belly with pure myrrh, cassia and other spices and sew it together again.

Cover up in natron for seventy days. Wash the corpse and roll it up in fine linen. Less Costly Fill the belly with oil of cedar-wood using a syringe by the breech, which is plugged to stop the drench from returning back; it dissolves the bowels and interior organs.

After the appointed number of days with the natron treatment the cedar oil is let out and the corpse is left as skin and the bones. Returned the corpse the family.

Who Was Mummified

For the Poor Cleanse out the belly with a purge. Keep the body for seventy days of natron treatment. Return the corpse to the family. Canopic Jars Canopic Jars Except for the heart, which was needed by the deceased in the Hall of Judgment, the embalmers removed all of the internal organs from the body.

These were placed into four vases, called Canopic Jars.

Museum of Science : Ancient Egypt Science & Technology : Exploration

The lids formed the shape of the Four Sons of Horus. The liver was associated with Imset who was depicted with a human head. The stomach was associated with Duamutef with the head of a jackal. The intestines and viscera of the lower body was associated with the falcon headed Kebechsenef.

Mummy - Wikipedia

Natron Natron is a naturally occurring white, crystalline mineral salt which absorbs water from its surroundings. It was mined from dry lake beds and used in the mummification process to soak up water from the body.

After seventy days in natron the dried out and shriveled body was washed and rubbed with oil and fragrant spices. The inside was packed with cloth before being wrapped in linen.

The process of mummification

The face was painted to make it look lifelike and the hair neatly arranged. The chief embalmer, dressed as Anubis god of embalmingwould bless the diseased and priests said prayers to help the dead person on his way into the next world. Finally, the body was wrapped in linen bandages which were soaked in resin and magical amulets were placed within the bandages as symbols of power, protection, and rebirth.The process of mummification is an apt evidence of how advanced the Egyptian civilization was.

Their technique of preserving bodies was highly efficient, and the Egyptian mummies existing in several pyramids across Egypt speak volumes about the same. Egyptian Mummification Egyptian embalmers were so skilled that people mummified four thousand years ago still have skin, hair and recognizable features such as scars and tattoos.

The word mummy comes from the Arabic mummiya, meaning bitumen or coal and every Egyptian, except the most abject criminal, was entitled to be embalmed and receive a decent burial.

Egyptian Mummification. Egyptian embalmers were so skilled that people mummified four thousand years ago still have skin, hair and recognizable features such as scars and tattoos.

It was mined from dry lake beds and used in the mummification process to soak up water from the body. Mummification process In order to live for all eternity and be presented in front of Osiris, the body of the deceased had to be preserved by mummification, so that the soul could reunite with it, and take pleasure in the afterlife.

The mummification process took seventy days. Special priests worked as embalmers, treating and wrapping the body. Beyond knowing the correct rituals and prayers to be performed at various stages, the priests also needed a detailed knowledge of human anatomy.

The first person to formally undergo Summum's process of modern mummification was the founder of Summum, Summum Bonum Amen Ra, who died in January Summum is currently considered to be the only "commercial mummification business" in the world.

Egyptian Mummification