The stadium of nemea the ancient olympic site of extravagance and prestige

The time has now arrived and we behold Christ ascending the throne of His father David in Jerusalem to establish His kingdom.

The stadium of nemea the ancient olympic site of extravagance and prestige

A Citharode in Naples He made his performance debut at Naples, and, even though the theater was rocked with a sudden earthquake, he did not cease singing until he had finished the nomos that he had begun. In the same city he sang frequently over the course of several days.

Even when he took a short time to refresh his voice, he could not bear to remain out of sight, but went from the baths to the theater and, while dining in the middle of the orchestra surrounded by the people, he promised in Greek that after he had had a little something to drink he would ring out something packed full of sound.

He was taken moreover with the rhythmic laudations of the Alexandrians in the audience, who had thronged into Naples from a recently arrived fleet, and summoned more men from Alexandria.

Suetonius Life of Nero Nevertheless, since he did not dare to make a beginning at Rome, he chose Naples, because it was a Greek city.

Starting out from there he might cross into Achaea, and, winning the prestigious and sacred garlands of antiquity, evoke, with still greater fame, the enthusiasm of the citizens. Thus a crowd of townspeople was brought together, with those whom the report of such an event had attracted from the neighboring towns and colonies, and those who followed Caesar to pay him honor or to provide various other services, as well as some companies of soldiers—these all filled the theater of the Neapolitans.

There an event occurred, which many thought ill-omened, but which he [the performer] took to be a sign of providence and divine favor: And so he composed a song of thanks to the gods, celebrating the good fortune that attended the recent downfall.

The spectacle is conceptually and visually direct: It is of a type that has a long, continuous tradition behind it, going back well over years to early Hellenic antiquity. The audience is in store for a show that audiences in Archaic Sparta, Periclean Athens, and Ptolemaic Alexandria before it have experienced in much the same form.

Yet ancient and basic as it is, the spectacle, even without the peculiar twist that this one has, could still generate excitement in an Imperial culture jaded by novel spectacles of a far more elaborate nature. A man walks onto the stage. He is Roman, but he is costumed in the distinctly Greek fashion that is traditional for performers such as he.

Neither Tacitus nor Suetonius supply details about his outward appearance that day, but we can make some reasonable suppositions based on visual and literary representations of other men like this man, on other occasions like this one.

Performers of this sort are typically men, although, as we will soon see, the occasional woman is attested in the Hellenistic period and after.

He is dressed in a long, sumptuous robe, a chiton probably dyed a deep purple, that falls straight down over his feet, which are shod in buskins; on top of this chiton a lighter mantle, adorned with gold-embroidered patterns, covers his upper torso.

In his left arm he cradles upright a broad, magnificent stringed instrument, perhaps made of gleaming ivory into which precious metals and gems have been inlaid. Flowing down from its rear side is a broad cloth, decorated with geometric or floral motifs, extending almost to the ground.

The man stands ready to strike the strings with this plectrum; his left hand is poised on the reverse side of the sound box, just above its upper edge, his fingertips pressed against those strings whose sound he will want to damp when he strikes the first notes.

It had long enjoyed the greatest prestige of any solo musical performance genre throughout the Greek-speaking Mediterranean and would continue to command the highest respect well into the late Empire, thanks in large part to this very performer.

The stadium of nemea the ancient olympic site of extravagance and prestige

The man with the kithara happens to be the most powerful man in the world. He is the Emperor Nero. But let us try for now not to focus too much on this fact, as difficult as that may be, and pretend that the audience in Naples is doing the same—a still more difficult proposition.

This approach would please the emperor himself. Ever caught up in fictions and fantasies, he preferred to maintain the modest pretense that he was a citharode like any other, although, as he knew as well as anyone, modesty was a virtue as disingenuous in a citharode as in an emperor.

In fact, Menecrates, his voice phthegma is neither admirable nor ridiculous, for nature phusis has made him tolerably and moderately musical.

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His voice is naturally hollow and low, as his throat is constricted, and because it is his songs have a sort of buzzing sound to them. But if he should imitate his betters, how great is the laughter that falls over the spectators!

Although he began his training much later in life than a professional citharode, who, typically brought up in a family of professional musicians, would have begun his vocational studies as a young boy, he likely devoted more energy to the music of the kithara than he did to anything else in his entire life.

According to Suetonius Nero He had honed his relatively weak singing voice through the same grueling regimen of exercises and deprivations that the professionals followed, although the routine seems more appropriate for Olympic athletes than musicians.

Lying on his back, he balanced a heavy lead plate on his chest, a procedure intended to increase lung capacity and stamina of breath, and he habitually purged and maintained a strict diet—no fruit!

And so, even if he did eventually become more profligate with his talents, it is more appropriate to speak of Nero, as Juvenal Satire 8.In the ancient Greek world, the word stadium or stadion referred to a measurement of distance, a foot-race, and the place where the race was.

The ancient site has always been known; Linked by a road to the sacred complex, the stadium of Nemea which is visible today, dates from BCE and was built between two natural ridges providing an elevated vantage point for spectators and allowing a capacity as high as 30, people. The stadium at Nemea was particularly one of extravagance and prestige.

The University of California at Berkley has done a great deal for the Nemean site in the past 25 years. They have uncovered a stadium dated circa BCE along with a tunnel, which is .

Paul Modrowski is a prisoner The stadium of nemea the ancient olympic site of extravagance and prestige in Stateville Prison in Crest Hill, Illinois. If you have been sentenced to federal a history of christian persecutions prison.

OLYMPICS: “ A YEAR. TO GO AND NOW. In ancient Greece, the Olympic Games were part of the life and religion of the people, and they took place every four years from B.C. to A.D. The stadium at Olympia in ancient times had 40, seats, but the stadium at Wembley can hold , spectators.

The stadium at Nemea was particularly one of extravagance and prestige. The University of California at Berkley has done a great deal for the Nemean site in the past 25 years. The University of California at Berkley has done a great deal for the Nemean site in the past 25 years.

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